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How to maintain a bonsai - a complete guide

A bonsai is a miniature tree that is planted in a container.Bonsais refers to the art of cultivating these small trees and is an integral part of the Japanese culture which dates from the beginning of the 14th century.Formerly appreciated only by the richest aristocrats and high -ranking members of Japanese society, bonsai is now an art form appreciated by people around the world.However, taking care of a bonsai may seem disturbing at first.This is why our editorial staff created this complete guide.Without further ado, find out how to maintain a bonsai in the following lines.

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Comment entretenir un bonsaï ?

Taking care of a bonsai is not that difficult there seems to.However, as these miniature trees are planted in small pots, there are some basic know-how techniques with regard to the placement, watering and repotting of these plants.

Where to place an interior bonsai in a room?

To determine the best location to exhibit your bonsai, you should know what type of tree it is.Interior bonsai are generally tropical species that thrive in places at stable temperatures throughout the year.Such representatives are Jade plants, Hawaiian umbrella trees and Ficus.Take into account that the only place where a bonsai will prosper is right in front of a south -facing window.This is due to the fact that the bonsai needs a lot of light.When placed even a few meters from a window, the light intensity will considerably decrease what will slow growth and can kill your plant.

Here is where to place a bonsai in a room

What temperature for a bonsai?

The temperature is very important in the cultivation of bonsai.Be aware that the ideal temperature is between 10 ° C and 21 ° C.However, this temperature may not suit all types of bonsai.Interior bonsai plants need a standard ambient temperature.Tropical trees can live in places where the room temperature is maintained throughout the year.Unfortunately, they cannot bear the freezing cold of winter.So they should not be placed near an open window or in cold places during winter.However, Mediterranean and subtropical bonsai can tolerate cooler temperatures even in winter.Indeed, they need it to live.So they can be placed in a cold room or on a fresh window edge.Subtropical bonsais can also be placed outside.However, they must be protected from air currents.

The ideal temperature for bonsai is between 10 ° C and 21 ° C

How to water a bonsai?

As interior bonsai are generally tropical trees, they also need relatively high humidity.So remember to check your plant morning and evening to see if it needs to be watered.If the floor seems dark and humid, it does not require watering.It is only when the soil looks brown and seems little humid that your bonsai needs more water.When the soil is barely moist to the touch, pour water evenly over the entire surface of the soil until the water flows in a tray or saucer.It is important to never let your plant dry and avoid keeping it constantly too wet.The floor must pass from wet wet between watering.Please do not let the bonai rest in the water.A little water in the drain tank is beneficial to increase humidity, but if a bonsai stays in the water, it will cause root rot.

Comment entretenir un bonsaï – un guide complet

This plant needs relatively high humidity

How to water a bonsai during the months of vacation?

If you go for a short break, up to 5 days, please place your plant in the bathtub or the kitchen sink in the water, so that the water level is at least halfway up the pot.In this way, the bonsai will be too watered for a few days but it is preferable to drying out.When you return, remove the water from the water and only stop when the soil is barely moist.Then come back to your normal watering diet.If you leave more than 5 days, it is better to find a loved one or a neighbor who can take care of the bonsai for you.

Watering advice during vacation months

Why does the interior bonsai lose its leaves?

Most indoor bonsai species do not drop their leaves, except in the event of a problem:

How to cut a bonsai?

Note that it is important to regularly cut growth areas to promote growth closer to the internal parts of the tree.Take into account that the maintenance size can be carried out throughout the growth season, generally from March to September for outdoor bonsais.Interior trees can be cut all year round.Maintenance pruning is necessary to keep the shape of the trees.To do this, simply cut the branches and shoots that have exceeded the planned form using pruning shears.Don't be afraid to regularly cut your bonsai.This will help him better distribute growth and develop dense foliage.

Here's how to cut a bonsai

Bonsai repotage - What is the best time?

The best time to repot a bonsai is in early spring, while the trees are still dormant and the buds are starting to appear.Repotting in early spring will also ensure that damage caused to the root system will be quickly repaired, as soon as the tree begins to push.Certain species of trees can be repotted in autumn also.However, know that you should never repot a bonsai in summer or winter.

What fertilizer for the bonsai?

Note that it is important to choose the right fertilizer for your bonsai and apply the right quantities.For outdoor bonsais, favor a relatively high nitrogen content fertilizer, a more balanced fertilizer in summer and a low nitrogen fertilizer in autumn.Experts favor the use of a balanced fertilizer throughout the growth season and gradually decrease the amount applied towards the end of the growth season.Subtropical tree species are generally placed inside and do not undergo seasonal changes.They push all year round and must be fertilized regularly.For indoor bonsais, opt for a balanced liquid fertilizer.

It is important to choose the right fertilizer for the bonsai

How to make a bonsai from a cutting?

Most types of trees are easily multiplied by cuttings, especially when it comes to deciduous trees and certain conifers.Select a tree branch and cut it.For the best results, be careful that the size of each cut is 5 to 10 cm in length and 3 to 5 mm thick.Know that the best time to cut and plant the cutting is in the spring and summer.

How to do :

Outdoor Bonsai

The most common types of bonsai such as juniper, pine and spruce are outdoor plants and must be placed outside all year round.The annual cycle is crucial for the health of most trees.Overprotect your plant in winter can weaken it.Know that outdoor bonsai also include deciduous trees, which means that their leaves change depending on the seasons.These include maple, elm and ginko.Take into account that it is good to place the outdoor bonsai in a place where it will receive a lot of sunlight.If you live in a place where the summers are really hot, remember to ensure your shadow tree in the afternoon.

Care for the outdoor bonsai

When to enter a bonsai?

Take into account that you have to wait for the first frost before putting your bonsai in wintering or adding protection.Keeping the tree in a greenhouse during winter is recommended for regions where temperatures often descend below -10 ° C.When such a shelter is not available, you can use a frost protective cover and cold.To keep the trees dormancy all winter, open the greenhouse or the cover during the sunny winter days.Once the tree is no longer dormant, protect it from late frosts that could occur.If you winter it, only stop when the ground is dry.Trees do not need a lot of water when they are dormant.In the spring, you can again place your tree outside, but be careful to protect the new shoots against late frosts.

Tips for wintering the bonsai

Here's how to maintain a bonsai